Cutting rings with elasto- mer seal work according to the same functional principle, but they are furnished with additional elastomer seals to increase operating reliability further still. “Ordering was flawless, website straight to the point, shipping was quick and as stated, product was exactly as ordered.” Log in to TheConstructor to ask questions, answer people’s questions, write articles & connect with other people. Join TheConstructor to ask questions, answer questions, write articles, and connect with other people. We offer a full range of product to meet your valve needs.
They are made up of different materials like copper, iron, brass, PVC etc. Flange fittings are generally used for connections to valves, inline instruments or equipment nozzles. Two surfaces are joined tightly together with threaded bolts, wedges, clamps, or other means of applying high compressive force. Although a gasket, packing, or O-ring may be installed between the flanges to prevent leakage, it is sometimes possible to use only a special grease or nothing at all . Although flange fittings are bulky, they perform well in demanding applications such as large water supply networks and hydroelectric systems. Elbows are used to change the direction of flow between two pipes.
Fasteners commonly used with piping are a stud bolt with nuts ; a machine bolt and nut; or a powder-actuated tool fastener . This fitting (also known as a “bungalow fitting” or a “cottage fitting”) is a sanitary tee that allows two trap arms to be connected at the same level. Clean-outs are fittings with removable elements, allowing access to drains without the removal of plumbing fixtures.
Push-to-pull fittings are a type of easily removed compression fitting that allows pipes to be connected with minimal use of tools. These fittings are similar to regular compression fittings, but use an O-ring for sealing and a grip ring to hold the pipe. The main advantage is that it can easily be removed and re-used, it is easy to assemble, and the joints are still rotatable even after assembly. The pipe end should be square so it sits against the stop in the fittings and does not create turbulence, and needs to be a clean cut to avoid damaging the O-ring during insertion.
A closet flange is a specialized flange designed to be flush with the floor, allowing a toilet to be installed above it. The flange must be mechanically strong to accommodate slight misalignments or movements, and resist corrosion. Caps, usually liquid- or gas-tight, cover the otherwise open end of a pipe. The exterior of an industrial cap may be round, square, rectangular, U- or I-shaped, or may have a handgrip.
The radius of curvature of a long-radius elbow is 1.5 times the pipe diameter, but a short-radius elbow has a radius equal to the pipe diameter. Short elbows, widely available, are typically used in pressurized systems, and in physically tight locations. 90 Degree elbow is installed between the pipe to change the direction of the pipe by 90 Degree.
Hydraulic fittings are designed and constructed to resist high-pressure leakage and sudden failure. The diverter tee is designed to allow flow to continue in the main line, even when the side branch is shut down and not calling for heat. Diverter tees have directional markings which must be heeded; a tee installed backwards will function very poorly.
A tee is steadier than a cross; it behaves like a three-legged stool, and a cross behaves like a four-legged stool. A fitting or adapter is used in pipe systems to connect straight sections of pipe or tube, adapt to different sizes or shapes, and for other purposes such as regulating fluid flow. These fittings are used in plumbing to manipulate the conveyance of water, gas, or liquid waste in domestic or commercial environments, within a system of pipes or tubes. Pipe fittings are essential for all plumbing applications.